CEFALU'

 

Going around the small streets in Cefalù
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Meeting at your hotel and depart to Cefalù : visit to the town on the northern coast of the island. Visit the cathedral and the city center . Of Greek origin, the city certainly took its name from the location on a high rock, forming a large promontory ( Κεφαλὴ ) projected sea. But despite its name denotes its Greek origin , there is no mention of the city in Thucydides , who expressly says that Himera was the only Greek colony on this coast of the island;

Cephaloedium probably was at the time merely a fortress ( φρούριον ) belonging to Himeran , and was probably inhabited by refugees for the first time after the destruction of Himera . His name appeared for the first time in history at the time of the Carthaginian expedition under Hilmicom 396 BC, when the General concluded negotiations with the Himeran and the inhabitants of Cephaloedium . But after the defeat of Carthage , Dionysius the Elder proclaimed himself head of Cephaloedium , which fell into his hands (ibid. 78. ) . In later times we find it independent again , but apparently in peace with Carthage, on behalf of which , however, was attacked and conquered by Agathocles , 307 a. C.. During the First Punic War it was conquered by the Roman fleet under Atilio Calatino Nasica and Scipio , 254 BC but because of betrayal and not by force of arms. Cicero describes it as a prosperous city , which enjoyed every national privilege : it was at the time one of the civitates decumanae who paid the tithes of the grain to the Roman state , and suffered heavily oppressions and exactions of Verres. It was also home to the issue. During the Byzantine era , the factory was moved from the plain to the current spur , although the old city was never completely abandoned . In 858 , after a long siege , it was conquered by the Arabs and renamed Gafludi . During the following centuries was part of the emirate of Sicily.

In 1063 the Normans captured her and King Roger II of Sicily, Cefalu became a city almost inaccessible to the foot of the fortress and began the construction of the cathedral. Between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries , the city stiede under the rule of various feudal families and later was converted into possession of the Bishops of Cefalù.

Time at leisure and return to Palermo

INFORMATION:

Departure time: 02.30 PM 

Duration: 4 hours

Entrance fees are not included

Lunch is not included

 

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